1955

Winners of the Journalism Pulitzer Prize


Document
Main Data - Winners
Winning Publications
Motivation / Winning Work
1955 - Breaking News ReportingCaro BrownAlice Daily EchoCaro Brown, Alice (TX) Daily Echo, "for a series of news stories dealing with the successful attack on one-man political rule in neighboring Duval County, written under unusual pressure both of edition time and difficult, even dangerous, circumstances. Mrs. Brown dug into the facts behind the dramatic daily events, as well, and obtained her stories in spite of the bitterest political opposition, showing professional skill and courage."
1955 - Editorial CartooningDaniel R. FitzpatrickSt. Louis Post DispatchDaniel R. Fitzpatrick, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, "for a cartoon published on June 8, 1954 entitled, 'How Would Another Mistake Help?' showing Uncle Sam, bayoneted rifle in hand, pondering whether to wade into a black marsh bearing the legend 'French Mistakes in Indo-China'. The award is also given for distinguished body of the work of Mr. Fitzpatrick in both 1954 and his entire career."
1955 - Editorial WritingRoyce HowesDetroit Free PressRoyce Howes, Detroit Free Press, "for an editorial on 'The Cause of a Strike', impartially and clearly analyzing the responsibility of both labor and management for a local union's unauthorized strike in July, 1954, which rendered 45,000 Chrysler Corporation workers idle and unpaid. By pointing out how and why the parent United Automobile Workers' Union ordered the local strike called off and stating that management let dissatisfaction get out of hand, the editorial made a notable contribution to public understanding of the whole program of the respective responsibilities and relationships of labor and management in this field."
1955 - International ReportingHarrison E. SalisburyNew York TimesHarrison E. Salisbury, New York Times, "for his distinguished series of articles, 'Russia Re-Viewed,' based on his six years as a Times correspondent in Russia. The perceptive and well-written Salisbury articles made a valuable contribution to American understanding of what is going on inside Russia. This was principally due to the writer's wide range of subject matter and depth of background plus a number of illuminating photographs which he took."
1955 - Investigative ReportingRoland Kenneth ToweryCuero RecordRoland Kenneth Towery, Cuero Record (Texas), "for his series of articles exclusively exposing a scandal in the administration of the Veterans' Land Program in Texas. This 32-year-old World War II veteran, a former prisoner of the Japanese, made these irregularities a state-wide and subsequently a national issue, and stimulated state action to rectify conditions in the land program."
1955 - National ReportingAnthony LewisWashington Daily NewsAnthony Lewis of Washington Daily News, "for publishing a series of articles which were adjudged directly responsible for clearing Abraham Chasanow, an employee of the U.S. Navy Department, and bringing about his restoration to duty with an acknowledgment by the Navy Department that it had committed a grave injustice in dismissing him as a security risk. Mr. Lewis received the full support of his newspaper in championing an American citizen, without adequate funds or resources for his defense, against an unjust act by a government department."
1955 - PhotographyJohn L. Gaunt Jr.Los Angeles TimesJohn L. Gaunt, Jr. of the Los Angeles Times for Tragedy by the Sea, showing a young couple standing together beside an angry sea in which only a few minutes earlier their year-old son had perished.
1955 - Public ServiceColumbus Ledger and Sunday Ledger Enquirer (Staff)Columbus LedgerSunday Ledger EnquirerColumbus Ledger and Sunday Ledger-Enquirer (Columbus, Georgia), "for its complete news coverage and fearless editorial attack on widespread corruption in neighboring Phenix City, Alabama, which were effective in destroying a corrupt and racket-ridden city government."


Winners of the Letters, Drama and Music Pulitzer Prize



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